Dissociative Identity Disorder

Since Debbie Nathan’s is the author of the book ‘Sybil Exposed: The Extraordinary Story Behind the Famous Multiple Personality Case'. The main reason for focusing on multiple personality disorders because one of the psychiatric patient of 90's who suffered from the disorder. Shirley was her real name, and she had multiple personality disorders because she might have suffered abuse in her childhood from her mother. At some point, the claims were not proved, but the same time her behavior was suspicious which claim that she was ‘multiple.' Currently, this disorder is named as Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), which refers to the psychiatrist disorder when a persona suffers from two distinct personalities within him.


Introduction Schizophrenia, as defined by the national institute of mental illness (2009), is mental disorder that exposes individuals to traits of forgetfulness, hearing of voices, or feelings of paranoia over being harmed by others. According to national mental alliance, it is a severe mental disorder that obstructs the ability of an individual to think abstractly, control emotions, and decision-making and how to relate to others (NAMI, 2013). It has a long history of occurrence and according to research, its incidence is neither culture distinct nor group influenced rather it is environmentally and genetically controlled (Jablensky, 2000; Tsaung et al. 2011; Castle and Buckley 2011). There are at least five subtypes of schizophrenia that do exist: paranoid, Undifferentiated, residual, catatonic and disorganized schizophrenia (Bengston, 2013). In catatonic schizophrenia, the predominant characteristic is disturbances in motion. In that individuals may exhibit voluntary movement reduction and in some cases the exhibit activity increase. According to Bengston (2013) paranoid schizophrenia is often characterized by auditory hallucinations and delusional thinking about getting persecutions or conspiracies by the patient. The only different feature about paranoid schizophrenia is that individuals with this subtype may be more functional in relationships than people with the other four types of schizophrenias (Bengston, 2013). The earliest onset of paranoid schizophrenia symptoms is in teens of 20’s and does not occur before the age of 12 years for a student (NAMI, 2013). Epidemiological studies have focused on its features but there much-conflicting information over its: prevalence, causes and sometimes cure. The present paper will look at some of the issues surrounding the paranoid subtype schizophrenia disorder and offer some insights for future dynamic analysis and research.

Satisfying Customers with Data

Customer satisfaction and retention is one of the objectives that business people aim at. This is because customer loyalty is an important aspect of business, as it is likely to increase their profits (Decker, 2005). Several business people have discovered the power behind using data to satisfy their customers. This paper discusses the kind of data that can be used, and how it can be used in satisfying customers.

The Legal and Ethical Factors

Introduction Medical ethics can be described as general principles that govern if a practice is right or wrong. It applies to medical professions as stipulated in the code of ethics. Medical practitioners are expected to observe the regulations and rules surrounding them for proper and smooth running of their activities. The morals may be considered as autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence and justice. As an important tool in health care, medical ethics should be followed to the later. To ensure it is affected, ethics as a part of course work has been integrated into the teaching curriculum to ensure that students learn them in their institutions. On the other hand, legal issues and considerations are matters that pertain a patient and are protected by the existing state laws. Patients, relatives, and other social bodies are bound to sue health care providers or the facility. With the increasing knowledge of patient's rights and freedom, the physicians have to be careful when handling them to avoid the risk of facing charges in a court of law if malpractice is witnessed. Ethics may differ with the law. A physician is expected to reflect the idea of being right or wrong according to the society, though the behavior may not be enforced by the law (Luce, 2009). This paper seeks to evaluate the legal and ethical considerations surrounding the treatment of the elderly or terminally ill patients. Although, these categories of people may be at risk of suffering from malpractice due to their incompetence in many aspects, their rights should not be violated. All legal and ethical issues are significant and should be applied when treating them. Any failure should be considered as malpractice, and legal actions should be taken on the violator.

Contracts and Torts

TQ 1.1 In a unilateral contract, one party expressly promises or undertakes to carry out an activity without first receiving a similar agreement from the other party. The offeror makes a promise that is to be exchanged with an act performed by a different part, referred to as the offeree. The tender is under the obligation of the law to fulfil the contract if the other party carries out the tender’s promise. A bilateral contract on the other requires both parties to make promises. The legal detriment suffered by the offeror involves a different promise by the offeror to either perform or not perform an activity that the offeror was formerly not under any legal obligation to perform or not perform (Pagallo 11).